At the beginning of the 20th century Henri Matisse and several other young artists revolutionized the Paris art world with "wild", multi-colored, expressive, landscapes and figure paintings that the critics called Fauvism. Abstract art could be seen as apolitical. Portic A from Cacaxtla, represent the Man-jaguar, Detail from the Red Temple, c.600–700, Cacaxtla, Mexico. Fauvism was a short-lived and loose grouping of early-20th-century artists whose works emphasized painterly qualities, and the imaginative use of deep color over the representational values. Some famous Greek painters on wooden panels who are mentioned in texts are Apelles, Zeuxis and Parrhasius, however no examples of Ancient Greek panel painting survive, only written descriptions by their contemporaries or later Romans. The oldest known cave paintings are more than 44,000-50,000 years old, found in the caves in the district of Maros (Sulawesi, Indonesia). Subjects of this style were often religious in nature depicting scenes from Shia epics and the like. Rococo still maintained the Baroque taste for complex forms and intricate patterns, but by this point, it had begun to integrate a variety of diverse characteristics, including a taste for Oriental designs and asymmetric compositions. The Bykert Gallery, and the Park Place Gallery were important showcases for Minimalism and shaped canvas painting in New York City during the 1960s. In France during the Rococo era Jean-Baptiste Greuze (the favorite painter of Denis Diderot),[45] excelled in portraits and history paintings, and Maurice Quentin de La Tour and Élisabeth Vigée-Lebrun were highly accomplished portrait painters. Classical Chinese painting continued on into the early modern Qing Dynasty, with highly realistic portrait paintings like seen in the late Ming Dynasty of the early 17th century. Serge Poliakoff, Nicolas de Staël, Georges Mathieu, Vieira da Silva, Jean Dubuffet, Yves Klein and Pierre Soulages among others are considered important figures in post-war European painting. When it came to art, it is a well known fact that African art, Islamic art, Indian art, Chinese art and Japanese art had some influence on Western art and vice versa. A painting from Codex Mendoza showing the Aztec legend of the foundation of Tenochtitlán, c.1553. Actually their works and the work of Larry Rivers, were radical departures from abstract expressionism especially in the use of banal and literal imagery and the inclusion and the combining of mundane materials into their work. The 1928/1929 painting This Is Not A Pipe, by Magritte is the subject of a Michel Foucault 1973 book, This is not a Pipe (English edition, 1991), that discusses the painting and its paradox. Ceremonial cave painting in certain villages can be found to be still in use. Robert Delaunay was a French artist who is associated with Orphism, (reminiscent of a link between pure abstraction and cubism). Since human beings haven't learned how to speak like we do now, these paintings could also have been a way to express their innate feelings to other humans. (1963, Tate Modern, London[70]), one of the earliest known examples of pop art, adapted a comic-book panel from a 1962 issue of DC Comics' All-American Men of War. Les Fauves (French for The Wild Beasts) were early-20th-century painters, experimenting with freedom of expression through color. On top of this, the gold foils are pasted. 1), 1963, Oil on canvas, 60 1/4 x 50 1/2 inches, collection: San Francisco Museum of Modern Art) and later in the 1970s Neo-expressionism. During the 1960s and 1970s artists such as Robert Motherwell, Adolph Gottlieb, Phillip Guston, Lee Krasner, Cy Twombly, Robert Rauschenberg, Jasper Johns, Richard Diebenkorn, Josef Albers, Elmer Bischoff, Agnes Martin, Al Held, Sam Francis, Ellsworth Kelly, Morris Louis, Helen Frankenthaler, Gene Davis, Frank Stella, Kenneth Noland, Joan Mitchell, Friedel Dzubas, and younger artists like Brice Marden, Robert Mangold, Sam Gilliam,[91] John Hoyland, Sean Scully, Pat Steir, Elizabeth Murray, Larry Poons, Walter Darby Bannard, Larry Zox, Ronnie Landfield, Ronald Davis, Dan Christensen, Joan Snyder, Ross Bleckner, Archie Rand, Susan Crile, and dozens of others produced a wide variety of paintings. The surrealist artist Salvador Dali (May 11, 1904 to January 23, 1989) was born in Figueres, Spain. The various developments which took place in Eastern paintings go hand in hand with those found in Western paintings. [78] The paintings varied from large frescoes of Ajanta to the intricate Mughal miniature paintings to the metal embellished works from the Tanjore school. Finally in accord with Pablo Picasso's wish to give the painting to the people of Spain as a gift, it was sent to Spain in 1981. 1880, Oklahoma History Center, Work on Paper, by Arapaho painter, Carl Sweezy (1881–1953), 1904. De Stijl is also the name of a journal that was published by the Dutch painter, designer, writer, and critic Theo van Doesburg propagating the group's theories. With this new medium the painters of this period were capable of creating richer colors with a deep intense tonality. Charles Demuth Spring, 1921, American Precisionism (proto Pop Art). During the Ming Dynasty there were also different and rivaling schools of art associated with painting, such as the Wu School and the Zhe School. If you have a print the value will be quite limited. 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